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Glossaries

Term Definition
5-Fluorouracil

5-Fluorouracil (also known as 5-FU or Fluorouracil) is a chemotherapy drug used in the treatment of head and neck (and other) cancer. It is usually given with other chemotherapy drugs such as Cisplatin, Carboplatin, Cetuximab and Docetaxel.

For more information visit:

http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/fluorouracil

http://www.macmillan.org.uk/fluorouracil

5-FU

5-FU (also known as 5-Fluorouracil or Fuluorouracil) is a chemotherapy drug used in the treatment of head and neck (and other) cancer. It is usually given with other chemotherapy drugs such as Cisplatin, Carboplatin, Cetuximab and Docetaxel.

For more information visit:

http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/fluorouracil

http://www.macmillan.org.uk/fluorouracil.aspx

Adjuvant
Adjuvant means 'given in addition' to something such as a type of treatment. For example adjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant radiotherapy (or both in the form of chemoradiation) are additional cancer treatments given AFTER an operation to lower the risk that the cancer will come back.
Airways
The word used to describe the internal breathing passages from the nose, mouth, throat, voice box, windpipe and bronchial tubes extending into the lungs
Allergens

Allergens are substances that cause an allergic reaction. Common allergens include pollen, mould, food substances such as nuts, shellfish, fruits and eggs, insect bites such as bee stings, latex, household chemicals and hair dyes and drugs such as penicillin

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Allergies/

Allergic reaction

An allergic reaction is a bodily response following exposure to an allergen such as pollen, nuts, shellfish, bee stings or drugs. Mild symptoms include sneezing, a runny or blocked nose, red itchy watery eyes, wheezing & coughing, a red itchy rash or worsening asthma or eczema. More severe and potentially life-threatening reactions include angioedema and anaphylaxis

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Allergies/
Allergy

An allergy is a sensitivity to an allergen such as pollen, nuts, shellfish, bee stings or drugs causing an allergic reaction. Mild symptoms include sneezing, a runny or blocked nose, red itchy watery eyes, wheezing & coughing, a red itchy rash or worsening asthma or eczema. More severe and potentially life-threatening reactions include angioedema and anaphylaxis

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Allergies/

Anaphylactic reaction

An anaphylactic reaction also known as anaphylaxis (pronounced ana-fill-ax-is) is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction causing widespread flushing of the skin, a nettle rash (otherwise known as hives or urticaria), swelling of the skin or mucous membranes (known as angioedema) that can affect any part of the body including the tongue, lips and breathing passages. It can also cause abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, collapse and in very severe cases death.

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Angioedema/

http://www.anaphylaxis.org.uk/

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis (pronounced ana-fill-ax-is) also known as an anaphylactic reaction is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction causing widespread flushing of the skin, a nettle rash (otherwise known as hives or urticaria), swelling of the skin or mucous membranes (known as angioedema) that can affect any part of the body including the tongue, lips and breathing passages. It can also cause abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, collapse and in very severe cases death.

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/anaphylaxis/

http://www.anaphylaxis.org.uk/

Angioedema

Angioedema is swelling of the skin or mucous membranes that can affect any part of the body including the skin, tongue, lips and breathing passages. It is part of anaphylaxis and is potentially life-threatening

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Angioedema/

Angiogram

An angiogram is the X-ray image created during angiography to highlight blood vessels

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Angiography/

Angiography

Angiography is a special type of X-ray examination to show up the blood vessels. A fine flexible tube known as a catheter is placed in an artery and threaded up the arterial system to reach the area of interest internally in the body. A specific contrast medium (also known as a "dye") is injected through the catheter into the blood stream to outline the blood supply to an organ such as the heart, brain, kidneys or lungs. A series of X-rays (known as angiograms) are then taken as the dye passes through the blood vessels.

For more information visit:

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Angiography/

Anti-embolism stockings

Anti-embolism stockings (also known as 'compression stockings') are tight stockings specially designed to reduce the risk of a deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. The stockings squeeze the feet, lower legs (and sometimes the thighs) to help the blood circulate around the legs better and stop blood clots developing in the veins

For more information visit:

http://www.covidien.com/

Benign
Not cancerous (i.e. not malignant).
Betel nut

Betel nuts are mildly addictive seeds from the betel palm tree. They're widely used in many southeast Asian ethnic communities, such as people of Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan origin. Betel nuts have a stimulant effect similar to coffee. They also have a carcinogenic (cancer causing) effect, which can increase the risk of mouth cancer. The risk is increased even more by chewing betel nuts with tobacco, as many people in southeast Asia do.

For more information visit:

http://adf.org.au/drug-facts/betel-nut/#

http://www.wpro.who.int/tobacco/documents/201203_Betelnut/en/